Welfare Issues of Treating Calves with Oral Electrolytes


Early rehydration

Effective alkalinizing – correcting acid-base balance

High palatability

Early nutritional support – return to milk diets

Fast rehydration: isotonic or hypertonic

Identification of septicaemic calves, managing mortality


Withholding feed for 24 hours:

Intubation for delivering fluids

The Effect of an Active ingredient dependent on a palatable electrolyte for easy uptake:

Palatability of an electrolyte:

The Choice of Alkalinising Agent in the Electrolyte

Isotonic versus Hypertonic

Identification of Septicaemic Calves

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