Electrolytes with Soluble Dietary Fibre
ENERVADE is formulated as an isotonic electrolyte with additional soluble dietary fibre which also acts as a prebiotic carbohydrate. For more information on ENERVADE refer to the ENERVADE Leaflet. See Isotonic solutions for a discussion on formulations of rehydration solutions as the source of electrolytes.
ENERVADE is unique in having a soluble dietary fibre feature which maintains the low viscosity of water. This is an important to ensure rapid stomach emptying occurs, to maximise the rate of fluid replacement. Soluble dietary fibre provides a number of benefits.
Two major benefits are the improvement in intestinal lining recovery and increasing the fluid resorptive capacity of the large intestine where it provides the energy for intestinal function.
For Calf Scours
Calves less than 1 month age are frequently affected by scours.
The cost of scours incurs a significant work-load on staff. Liveweight gains also suffer. Death may follow from the effects of dehydration when fluid losses are in excess of 12% and complicated by acid-base imbalances.
Fast and effective rehydration depends on sufficient volume of fluids with sufficient bicarbonate.
Palatability is an important practical feature of the formulation. Bicarbonate alone ensures a higher rate of acceptance of the fluids offered.
The infections which are commonly associated with this condition include rotavirus, cryptosporidiosis and salmonellae (both are infective to man as well). Far more insidious is the expression and contamination of the environment with massive numbers of infective organisms prior to disease signs showing.
Follow instructions carefully to ensure optimum results when using ENERVADE rehydration fluids.
For a diagnosis and the most appropriate treatment consult with your veterinarian for advice.
Rehydration Electrolytes with Prebiotic Carbohydrates
The natural activity of the large intestine the colon – accounts for 40% of the resorption of water and sodium. This absorption is dependent on the energy of butyrate derived from bacteria normally found in the colon. There is loss of bacterial populations as a result of scours. There is also crypto damage of the colon and reduced intestinal function. Restoring bacterial populations and the intestinal lining with particular carbohydrates is an important step for early recovery for restoring fluid and sodium resorption.
Prebiotic carbohydrates have been shown to hasten the return of the natural preferred bacteria such as Lactobacillus species following scours.
Natural preferred bacteria provide a range of benefits including improved innate immunity, and an increase in the important short chain fatty acids required for the development and maturation of the gut lining. Fibersol-2© a soluble dietary fibre has been shown to maintain the structure of the intestine.
From Ohkuma and Wayabashi (1990)
For a full review of the interaction of prebiotics and dietary fibres and the immune enhancing effects see Schley & Field (2002).
Most importantly, the short chain fatty acids formed, aid in fluid uptake from the colon in cases of upper intestinal infectious diarrhoea, adding a 15 – 30% improvement in fluid resorption.
The opportunity now exists to boost the natural defences of calves of any age with prebiotic carbohydrates with Fibersol-2 as formulated in EXAGEN.
By selecting which prebiotic carbohydrates are in a product we can provide greater numbers (or higher activity, depending on species responding) of the natural populations of the intestinal species such as Lactobacillus and Bacteroides.
Benefits include protection of the lining of the intestine, while at the same time ensuring high rates of growth.
Schley PD, CJ Field(2002). The immune enhancing effects of dietary fibres and prebiotics. Brit Jl Nut 87, suppl 2 p s22125230
ENERVADE, KRYPTADE and EXAGEN are the registered trade names of Professional Veterinary Distributors Limited. ENERVADE ,KRYPTADE and EXAGEN are registered pursuant to the ACVM Act 1997, Nos. A 9410, A 9621 and A9536. See www.foodsafety.org.nz for registration conditions.